[Note: We have extracted the following Q&A from a facebook group. We recommend you to read the whole response carefully...]
Assalaam U Alaikum,
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam,
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
Please review the below article posted on one website. My brothers and myself have generated a very strong response which you can read below the article. Please pass on and share this knowledge so that we can save all those Muslims who call Waseela as “Shirk”. May Allah guide us to Siraat-ul-Mustaqim (Ameen).
I have been discussing the subject of using "waseela" while supplicating to Allah (swt) with some Muslims, and have come to know that there are quite different opinions about fact whether the use of "waseela" in duaa is halaal or haraam. Could you please provide me with some information about this subject, some ayaat from the Holy Qur'an or authentic ahaadeeth? With the term "use of waseela" I mean asking via the agency of someone, fx "I ask You (O Allah) to grant me forgiveness via the agency of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his household)" or via the agency of other Prophets (Peace be upon them), saints or other pious Muslims.
Praise be to Allaah.
What is meant by tawassul and waseelah is four things:
the kind of tawassul without which faith cannot be complete, which is seeking to reach Allaah (tawassul) by believing in Him and His Messengers, and obeying Him and His Messenger, This is what is meant in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who believe! Do your duty to Allaah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him…”
This includes seeking to approach Allaah through His Names and Attributes, or by doing acts of obedience and worship by which one seeks to approach Allaah, and so on.
Seeking to approach Allaah by asking His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to make du’a’ for one during his lifetime, and the believers asking one another to make du’aa’ for one another. This follows on from the first type and is encouraged.
Seeking to approach Allaah by virtue of the status and virtues of some created being, such as saying, “O Allaah, I ask You by virtue of Your Prophet” and so on. This is allowed by some of the ‘ulama’, but this opinion is da’eef (weak). The correct view is that it is definitely haraam, because there can be no tawassul in du’aa’ except by virtue of the Names and Attributes of Allaah.
Tawassul as it is understood by many of the Muslims of later times, which is calling on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and seeking his help (or seeking the help of the dead and so-called awliya’). This is a form of major shirk, because calling on or seeking help from anyone other than Allaah with regard to something that that only Allaah is able to do is a kind of worship, and directing worship to anyone or anything other than Allaah is major shirk. And Allaah knows best.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Thank you for giving the opportunity to remove your and anyone's confusion pertaining to the subject.
Firstly you need to understand the true definition of “shirk”. It means associating (shareek, shamil) someone or something with Allah while you worship Him. As long as you bow down to only Allah and acknowledge there is none but him to “worship”, there is no shirk. Asking for help to anyone is not shirk and why not is explained below.
1) For example : if you need monetary help urgently, you can start praying to Allah to throw a million at you. By all means Allah can do that, however, in its own practicality, you would do dua to Allah to solve your problems and ask friend to lend you money. Isnt borrowing that money asking for help from other than Allah. Therefore, help is from Allah, that friend is the tawassul.
2) For example : if you are sick, you can start praying to Allah for health and shifa. By all means Allah can do that, however, in its own practicality, you go to a hospital and believe in what a doctor is saying and take medications as prescribed. Isnt consulting doctor and having medicine accepting help from other than Allah. Therefore, health is from Allah, the doctor and worldly medicine is tawassul.
3) For example : Allah has commited to Muslims that food (rizk) will reach them in the quantity that HE has decided. The writer, in my view, should sit at home and wait for angels to spoon feed him, however, in its own praticality, one would work hard and earn his bread. Rizk and his salary is from Allah, however, his employer or his business is the tawassul.
These were day-to-day life examples for easy understanding, now lets refer to Quarn, Islamic history, and Hadith.
1) Refer to Surah in Para 29, Allah calls upon his helpers by using the terms “Ansarullah”. For sure Allah is capable of doing anything, why would he call upon people of Hazrat Isa Alaihis-salam for help of any kind. I am sure you, the writer and any muslim believes in every word of Quran.
2) Allah says in his own praise “In nAllah ala kulli shai in qadeer” meaning He can do what ever he wants. I totally believe HE sure can. However, have you ever wondered why Hazrat Jibrael’s Alaihis-salam serivces were required for the entire relevation of the Holy Quran which we all read.
3) If Allah wanted to spread Islam without human intervention, He would have killed the kuffars in less than a fraction of a second, however, he sent over numerous Prophets to spread his good word, to the last of his Prophets, the most beloved one, Prophet Muhammad, sal-lul-la-ho-alaihi-wasal